The idea that if a rule does not merit a major consequence, it does not merit being a rule applies in schools too. Establishing rules that are not enforced or, worse, are only infrequently enforced is more than a waste of energy. It’s actually counterproductive, accommodating a certain lawlessness that is ultimately corrosive.
I see this in the “Raise your hand” rule too. It seems to me that students should not be allowed to shout out answers, except in chorus. It is much too difficult and takes too much management to allow shouting out of answers sometimes but not other times. However, rare is the teacher who consistently enforces this rule and, therefore, rare is the classroom where shouting out is absent.
In my classroom, non-verbal symbols will be followed with rigor. Likewise, shouting out will not be tolerated, rewarded, or even occasionally condoned. The central rule in my classroom will be respect and major violations of that principle will receive quick, firm intervention. Minor departures from the principle of respect will not be treated as rules violations. Rather, they will be treated as teaching moments or ignored, as the case may be.
What will not happen in my classroom is the proclamation and subsequent ongoing violation of rules. Any rule discovered to be unworthy of consistent enforcement, will be considered unworthy to be a rule.