Which techniques related to SDAIE could be used with native English speakers? Explain your answer.
One of my favorite things about this class is there are very few, if any, instructional techniques we are being taught that are not applicable in all instructional environments. SDAIE techniques are simply educational “best practices.” Or as Rothenberg & Fisher (2007) said, “Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE) strategies are just good teaching strategies. Sheltered instruction is just good teaching” (p. vii).
My personal favorite strategy is one about which I was initially dubious. However, over time I have grown to see its brilliance. That would be “SQP2RS” (or “Squeepers” for short, apparently). SQP2RS is an acronym for:
- Summarize (Echevarria, Vogt, & Short, 2008, p. 98)
What I like about this is that it incorporates best practices for reading educational material, powerfully departing from the “read and forget” model so popular in the traditional classroom. It’s particularly fascinating to me because a similar approach was featured in 1993 “underground” book on being a better student that I follow closely (Robinson, 1993). Now, nearly 20 years later, this approach is being taught in graduate schools.
Another SDAIE technique I learned in Robinson (1993) is activating prior knowledge (Díaz-Rico, 2008, p. 115). I think that is a technique that is still too little known and seems to me to be fundamental in anchoring learning and powerfully launching a lesson.
Another technique I discovered elsewhere is Mind Maps (Buzan & Buzan, 1993). As near as I can tell, graphic organizers are similar, although more basic. If graphic organizers become successful in my classroom, I would like to add mind maps as well.
I think “Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DRTA)” (Díaz-Rico, 2008, p. 230) is very interesting as well. When I read fiction in particular, I tend to try not to look ahead because I prefer being surprised. However, from a cognitive and metacognitive point of view, I think tracking not only what the author is saying but what is being telegraphed about impending content is a very effective way to empower the reader as a reader and model good habits for when that reader writes.
Buzan, T., & Buzan, B. (1993). The mind map book. New York, NY: Penguin Books, USA.
Díaz-Rico, L. T. (2008). A course for teaching English learners. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Echevarria, J., Vogt, M., & Short, D. (2008). Making content comprehensible for English learners: The SIOP Model (3rd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Robinson, A. (1993). What smart students know: Maximum grades. optimum learning. minimum time.. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press.
Rothenberg, C., & Fisher, D. (2007). Teaching English language learners: A differentiated approach. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.